International Legislation

UN CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES

The United Nations (UN) Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities is a pivotal international human rights treaty. Its primary aim is to safeguard the rights and dignity of individuals with disabilities. Countries that ratify this Convention commit to promoting and protecting the entire exercise of human rights by persons with disabilities, ensuring their complete equality under the law. The Convention has been instrumental in the global movement advocating for the rights of persons with disabilities. It marks a significant shift in perspective, moving away from viewing persons with disabilities as subjects of charity, medical treatment, and social protection. Instead, it recognizes them as full and equal members of society, entitled to human rights. As the first UN treaty on human rights of the 21st century, it was ratified in Bulgaria by a law adopted by the 41st National Assembly on January 26.01.2012, XNUMX, and came into force in April of the same year.

Important for deaf communities around the world is Article 21 of the convention - "Freedom of expression and opinion, freedom of access to information". It states that persons with disabilities have the right to express themselves and to freely give and receive information and ideas through all forms of communication, including .

CHARTER OF THE WORLD FEDERATION OF THE DEAF

The Charter of World Federation of the Deaf, (WFD) is a foundational document advocating for sign language rights. It delineates essential principles that signatories commit to uphold and promote. The Charter welcomes signatures from individuals, organizations, and governmental entities. By endorsing this Charter, signatories demonstrate their support for the deaf community, advocating for the realization of full human rights through the use of sign languages. This commitment is a vital step towards ensuring the recognition and respect of sign languages, furthering the rights and opportunities for deaf individuals globally.

DECLARATION OF THE RIGHTS OF DEAF CHILDREN

The Declaration on the Rights of Deaf Children was officially adopted at the 19th World Congress of World Federation of the Deaf, held in South Korea. This pivotal document is comprised of 10 articles, each articulating the fundamental rights of deaf children across the globe. Serving as a critical instrument for advocating the rights of deaf children, the Declaration outlines various entitlements and protections that should be universally recognized and implemented. This Declaration represents a significant step in promoting and safeguarding the rights of deaf children, ensuring their access to opportunities, resources, and support necessary for their holistic development and well-being. Individuals, organizations, and other interested parties are encouraged to endorse this Declaration, which can be signed on the WFD's official website. By doing so, signatories demonstrate their commitment to upholding and advocating the rights of deaf children worldwide, contributing to a more inclusive and equitable global society.

Declaration on the Rights of Deaf Children (video in BGSL + Bulgarian subtitles)